Switzerland And Eu Agreement

  • Posted on: October 10, 2021
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Four years of negotiations have not resulted in a new agreement and two-thirds of Swiss voters are sceptical about an agreement that redefines Switzerland`s relations with the European Union. Despite the desire to maintain strong relations between Switzerland and the EU, the Swiss government has also not found enough in common to sign a draft treaty before June 2019. For example, one would expect that the ongoing negotiations on the electricity agreement and in the areas of public health and food safety would be interrupted. In addition, in addition to the non-recognition of the equivalence of the Swiss Stock Exchange, the EU could respond with other retaliatory measures, such as excluding Switzerland from the continuation of the EU`s Horizon 2021 research programme. It remains to be seen how the EU will position itself next year on the framework agreement under the leadership of the new head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen. In its press release of 7 June 2019, the Federal Council approved the report on interrogations on the institutional agreement between Switzerland and the EU, but stressed that some issues still needed to be resolved. The consultation showed that the political left and the right are united against the agreement, but for various reasons. While the left mainly criticises the fact that wage protection is compromised, representatives of the right complain that “foreign judges” could decide Swiss cases. In 2004, a number of other sectoral agreements (known as “bilateral II”) were signed, including Switzerland`s participation in Schengen and Dublin, as well as agreements on the taxation of savings, processed agricultural products, statistics, the fight against fraud, participation in the EU media programme and the Environment Agency. In the Swiss vote on immigration in February 2014, a popular initiative “against mass immigration”, the Swiss people narrowly approved measures to restrict the free movement of foreign nationals in Switzerland. The European Commission said it needed to examine the impact of the result on EU-Switzerland relations.

[14] Due to Switzerland`s refusal to grant freedom of movement to Croatia, the EU only accepted Switzerland`s access to the Erasmus+ student mobility programme as a “partner country” and not as a “programme country”, and the EU froze negotiations on access to the European electricity market. On 4 March 2016, Switzerland and the EU signed a treaty extending the agreement on the free movement of persons to Croatia, which led to Switzerland`s full readmission to Horizon 2020, a European framework to support research and development. [37] [38] The treaty was ratified by the National Council on 26 April[39] on condition that a solution be found to the impasse in the implementation of the 2014 referendum. [40] The contract was adopted in December 2016. [40] Switzerland was thus able to join Horizon 2020 on 1 January 2017. The Agreement on the Free Movement of Persons between Switzerland and the EU has been in place since 1 June 2002, an important element of bilateral policy I entered into force. Two cross-cutting issues currently prevent an agreement on a Swiss-EU framework agreement: the EU should also have an interest in concluding such an agreement, in particular because of the threat of suspension of cohesion payments that Switzerland will have to pay to the new EU Member States over the next ten years. The Council of States and the National Council agreed on the amount of CHF 1.3 billion for cohesion payments, but made payments conditional on the EU`s omission of discriminatory measures such as the withdrawal of Swiss stock exchange equivalence. .

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