As I said in my last intervention on LLCs, the internal governance of LLCs is largely determined by contract between LLC members. This contract, called a corporate agreement, is at the heart of any LLC. I highly recommend that every multi-member LLC have a written company agreement. Essential elements of an LLC enterprise agreement include provisions relating to the structure of own funds (deposits, capital accounts, endowments of profits, losses and distributions), management, coordination, limitation of liability and indemnification, books and records, protection of dilution, where applicable, restrictions on transfers, acquisitions, liquidation and liquidation, confidentiality and restrictive agreements, as well as general provisions such as the legislation in force; and Dispute Settlement. Let`s check them out quickly. Structure of own funds (a) participation of members. A member`s interest in membership is often expressed as a percentage of interest. It may vary when new members are added. It is also important to remember that the interest in membership consists of two components: (i) an economic interest and (ii) a management interest. Often, interest in membership is expressed in units to give LLC`s equity more look and feel of the action. Some LLCs even call their shares “shares” and have a number of authorized and issued shares, just like in a company. (b) categories of membership interests.
Given the flexibility of the capital structure of LLCs, it is possible to create the equivalents of equity structures of partnerships or limited communities. An LLC can benefit from non-voting interests, common interests, preferential interests, participation in transfers, profit-sharing, etc. I didn`t do it. (c) contributions and capital accounts. Each member has a capital account. Initial interest as a percentage is determined on the basis of the value of the initial deposits. A member`s capital contribution to LLC may take the form of cash, goods, services provided, a debt bond or other obligation to bring cash or goods or services or a combination of the foregoing. When a member contributes to the property or something other than cash, the value of such a contribution is often negotiated….